An Overview of Quality Child Care
After a long and overwhelming process, you have finally found a nanny or daycare center that you feel comfortable with and fits your family's needs! How do you know that they really are doing a good job though? Learn how to evaluate your decision and assess the quality of a child care center or provider.
Several studies found that quality child care programs have certain characteristics in common.
Quality indicators measure the conditions that generally foster a safe, nurturing, and stimulating environment for children. Such include:
Health & Safety
Locked cabinets for cleaning supplies and other toxic materials
Easily accessible, visible first-aid kits and posted emergency numbers
Covered electrical outlets (with protective caps)
Security gates at the top and bottom of stairs
Window guards on all windows except designated fire exits
Emergency evacuation plans
Non-toxic materials children can play with
Individual cribs for infant sleep (and placing babies on their backs to sleep
Individuals cots for toddler sleep
Clean sleeping areas that are clear of potential distractions and hazards
Policies to ensure a child's parent, guardian, or other approved adult picks them up
Policies for keeping track of children during transition to the playground or another classroom
Evacuation plans (in case of an emergency) that is practiced with children
Child-to-staff ratio of 3:1 in a center caring for infants, 4:1 for 2-year-olds, and 7:1 for 3-year-olds
Licensing & Teacher Training
A staff member with certified pediatric first-aid training is always present with each group of children.
Care center is licensed and regularly inspected for health and cleanliness
Providers implement cleanliness and health standards for themselves, surfaces, and toys
Precautions are taken to prevent cross-contamination for children with food allergies
Kitchen area is clean
Teachers and children regularly wash hands
Quality of Providers
Positive teacher/child interactions
Greets your child in the morning with a warm welcome
Caregiver is attuned to your child's needs
Caregiver talks to children at their eye level
Caregiver is responsive and able to read child's cues
Parents are welcome to observe, discuss policies, make suggestions, and volunteer in the classroom
Close communication between parents and staff
Staff discusses highlights in children’s daily experiences with parents
The following list can help you evaluate a potential nanny candidate or the nanny you already have:
Your child lights up when their nanny walks in the door or can't stop talking about all the wonderful things their nanny says and does
Suggests creative solutions to problems and works with parents/guardians to provide the best possible child care
Child's room is clean and so is your child
Lots of energy and patience
Considers safety first and foremost
Communicates with parents
Reliable, responsible, self-motivated, and organized
Is the Quality of Child Care Regulated?
It is important to learn about different licensing requirements for various types of child care providers. Almost all daycare centers, whether it is a traditional center or in-home, are required to meet state licensing regulations for health and safety to operate—but some do without it.
Ideally, the daycare center will be accredited by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC).
A license, however, is not a guarantee of quality care. You should still ask any potential provider to show you credentials and call your local social services department to double-check. Having a license shows that your provider takes at least a degree of professional pride in their work.
State and Territory Licensing Agencies and Regulations
Some home daycares have been accredited by the National Association for Family Child Care. More are being added regularly, but the accreditation process can take almost a year and costs several hundred dollars. The association has strict standards and a center must receive an in-person visit before it becomes accredited. Getting this is a definite sign of quality!
If an individual, such as a nanny, is coming into your home, there is no licensing requirement. Providers of drop-in child care, such as child care in health clubs, churches, recreational center programs, or before or after school care operate by school districts and do not need licenses.
Testing the Quality of a Child Care Center/Provider
Before you choose a daycare or other care provider, you can get a sense of the quality offered by taking a tour, stopping by unannounced, or speaking to other parents who send their child to the center or use/have used the same care provider.
Once your child is attending a daycare, you can get a sense of its quality in a few ways:
Stopping by unannounced during the day, not just at set drop-off and pick-up times
If your child is talking, asking them specific questions about the safety of the daycare or about their activities to find out if they are age-appropriate
Assessing if your child dreads going to daycare or is excited in the morning to see their friends and caregivers
For a baby, making sure they are clean and happy when you pick them up
Before you hire a nanny, you should speak to referrals, do a trial where you can observe them interacting with your child while you are home, and ask interview questions to gauge how they would perform and react in specific situations.
Once you hire a nanny, pay attention to their interactions with your child. Is your child happy to see them or does he or she seem scared, worried, or hesitant? If working from home is an option, you may choose to listen in on what goes on. You can also come home early without notifying the nanny. Some parents even set up a nanny cam to watch what goes on while they are away.
Your child's verbal and non-verbal behavior may be the best signifier of a bad child care situation. Look out for these signs which may signal that your child is unhappy at daycare or with the nanny:
It is important to note that some separation anxiety is normal. If your child is sad to leave you and go with the child care provider, that is not a direct connection to the quality of the provider. However if your child repeatedly cries and refuses to go with the provider, pay attention and look for other signs.
Improving Quality of Care
Even parents who are generally happy with their nanny or daycare have complaints or areas they wish would improve from time to time. It is important to discuss areas of concern as they come up so you do not build up resentment or start creating a list of complaints in your head. These tips can help:
If you have tried to repair your child care situation and you still feel it is not working, it is time to rethink the situation. You may be:
Afraid of the effect that changing the child care situation will have on your children
Worried about finding another nanny
Concerned about the disruption in yours or your child's life and routine that may ensue
Feeling guilty about putting the nanny out of a job
All those feelings are normal, but no parent should stick with a child care situation if they feel their children are not happy or not properly looked after. Before pulling your child from daycare or firing your nanny, consider your options:
Use a nanny-finding website, such as UrbanSitter.com or Care.com
Look for a nanny share with a family who already employs a nanny
Have you or your partner take some time off from work
Ask a relative to help out
See if any local daycares can take your child right now
Start a new nanny search
Look for drop-in child care options
Ask your company about employee-sponsored back-up daycare